Angel Adames

(Assistant Professor, Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, U Michigan)

Water vapor, precipitation, and tropical waves: insights from scale analysis

What
When Oct 30, 2019
from 03:30 pm to 04:30 pm
Where 112 Walker Building, John J. Cahir Auditorium
Contact Name Anthony Didlake
Contact email
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Angel Adames UMich

When it comes to our understanding of tropical motion systems and tropical precipitation, the last two decades have been characterized by fast advances. Yet our conceptual understanding of tropical motions remains incomplete. Here I present a conceptual framework that may provide insight into the nature of tropical motion systems and the mechanics of convective coupling. Scale analysis of simplified basic equations reveals the relative role that temperature and moisture play in convection and in the evolution of tropical waves, indicating that the tropics are characterized by two distinct regimes. One regime is driven by moist gravity waves that propagate at fast speeds. Slow waves are driven by fluctuations in water vapor and modify rainfall through decreased dilution in updrafts. For balanced rotational disturbances, it is shown that the evolution of water vapor becomes increasingly more important the higher the concentration of atmospheric water vapor is.